On this page you will find some general guidance that you can use when looking at the classification of players in the game of cerebral palsy football. Please feel free to share this document with your football coach, P.E. teacher, physiotherapist, occupational therapist or anyone else you think may benefit from this resource.
This is a guide document and has been designed to help you get a better understanding of the four classifications (5-8) used in the game of cerebral palsy football.
For further guidance and information on classification for ambulant cerebral palsy please visit the CP-ISRA website (Cerebral Palsy International Sports & Recreation Association).
CPISRA’s Sports Guide 10th Edition contain all the current CPISRA Ambulant Cerebral Palsy Football Classification guide and can be downloaded by clicking the following link: http://cpisra.org/main/?page_id=1835
The Paralympic Movement offers sport opportunities for athletes who have a primary impairment that belongs to one of the following 10 ‘eligible’ impairment types:
Impaired muscle power
Impairments in this category have in common that there is reduced force generated by the contraction of a muscle or muscle groups (e.g. muscles of one limb, one side of the body, the lower half of the body). Examples of conditions included in this category are para and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post poliomyelitis, spina bifida.
Impaired passive range of movement
Range of movement in one or more joints is reduced in a systematic way. Note that hypermobility of joints, joint instability (e.g. shoulder dislocation), and acute conditions of reduced range of movement (e.g. arthritis types of impairment) typically will be excluded as ‘eligible impairment’.
There is a total or partial absence of the bones or joints as a consequence of trauma (e.g. traumatic amputation), illness (e.g. bone cancer) or congenital limb deficiency (e.g. dysmelia)
Leg length difference
Due to congenital deficiency or trauma, bone shortening occurs in one leg.
Standing height is reduced due to aberrant dimensions of bones of upper and lower limbs or trunk (e.g. achondoplasia)
A condition marked by an abnormal increase in muscle tension and a reduced ability of a muscle to stretch. Hypertonia may result from injury, disease, or conditions that involve damage to the central nervous system. When the injury occurs in children under the age of two, the term cerebral palsy is often used, but it also can be due to brain injury (e.g. stroke, trauma) or multiple sclerosis.
Ataxia is a neurological sign and symptom that consists of a lack of co-ordination of muscle movements. When the injury occurs in children under the age of two, the term cerebral palsy is often used, but it also can be due to brain injury (e.g. stroke, trauma) or multiple sclerosis.
Athetosis can vary from mild to severe motor dysfunction. It is generally characterised by unbalanced, involuntary movements of muscle tone and a difficulty maintaining a symmetrical posture. When the injury occurs in children under the age of two, the term cerebral palsy is often used, but it also can be due to brain injury (e.g. stroke, trauma).
Vision is impacted by either an impairment of the eye structure, optical nerves or optical pathways, or visual cortex of the central brain.
The Paralympic Movement identifies intellectual impairment as “a disability characterised by significant limitation both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behaviour as expressed in conceptual, social and practical adaptive skills. This disability originates before the age of 18 (American Association on Intellectual and Development Disability, 2010). The diagnostics of intellectual functioning and adaptive behaviour must be made using internationally recognised and professionally administered measures as recognised by INAS (International Federation for sport for para-athletes with an intellectual disability).